Air purification refers to the process of removing contaminants, pollutants, and impurities from the air in order to improve its quality and make it safer to breathe. It involves the use of various technologies
and devices designed to capture or neutralize airborne particles and substances that can be harmful to human health or the environment.
This post may contain affiliate links which means we may receive a commission for purchases made through links. We will only highlight products that are used and recommended for Air Purification Purposes. Air purification becomes particularly important after a wildfire due to the release of smoke and other harmful pollutants into the air. Wildfire smoke contains a mixture of gases and fine particles, including carbon monoxide, volatile organic compounds (VOCs), nitrogen oxides, and particulate matter (PM2.5 and PM10), which can have detrimental effects on air quality and human health.
Air purification systems work by employing different mechanisms to target specific types of pollutants. Here are some common methods used in air purification:
Filtration: This is one of the most common and effective methods of air purification. Air filters are designed to capture and trap airborne particles such as dust, pollen, pet dander, mold spores, and other allergens. HEPA (High-Efficiency Particulate Air) filters are widely used and can remove particles as small as 0.3 microns with high efficiency.
Activated Carbon Adsorption: Activated carbon filters are effective in removing odors, gases, and volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from the air. The porous structure of activated carbon helps to trap and absorb these substances, reducing their presence in the air.
UV Germicidal Irradiation: Ultraviolet (UV) light can be used to disinfect the air by neutralizing or killing bacteria, viruses, and other microorganisms. UV germicidal lamps are often incorporated into air purifiers to help eliminate these pathogens.
Ionization: Air ionizers release charged ions into the air, which attach to particles and cause them to become charged as well. These charged particles then clump together and become larger, making it easier for filters to capture them or for gravity to pull them down to surfaces where they can be cleaned.
Ozone Generation: Ozone generators produce ozone molecules (O3) that react with pollutants and eliminate them from the air. However, ozone can be harmful to human health at high concentrations, so ozone-generating air purifiers should be used with caution and according to the manufacturer's instructions.
Air purifiers vary in their effectiveness and capacity to handle different types and sizes of pollutants. The size of the room or area being purified also plays a role in determining the appropriate air purifier size and capacity.
Air purification systems are commonly used in homes, offices, schools, hospitals, and other indoor spaces where air quality is a concern. They can help reduce respiratory symptoms, allergies, and asthma triggers by providing cleaner and healthier air. However, it's important to remember that while air purification can improve indoor air quality, it is not a substitute for proper ventilation, regular cleaning, and addressing the root causes of pollution.
Here you can find useful links for air purification solutions